What gives charm and mystery of this country is precisely because of its geographical position, not clear if Turkey is in Europe or Asia. In the extreme west, as simple as a surgical incision, is the Bosphorus Strait. If a cross, you’re in Europe, the limit point of the south-eastern part of it. But you are still here in Turkey is Istanbul.
Although in 1923, Istanbul lost its status in favor of Turkey’s political capital city Ankara, however, remained undisputed and the country’s commercial capital. But Istanbul and the European land represents only 3% of the total area of the country.
Turkey covers an area greater than two times the area equal to that of Germany or France and Great Britain combined. To understand the diversity of European and Asian cultural influences of Turkey should consider only its neighboring countries: Greece and Bulgaria to the west, south Syria and Iraq, Iran, Armenia and Georgia to the east. And in the north, the other side of the Black Sea, Romania, Ukraine and Russia.
Today, about 80% of the population and 17% are Turkish Kurds. 99% of them are Islamic believers, the rest being a mixture of religions: Greek Orthodox and Armenian Christians, Catholic and Hebrew Sephardim (Spanish).
Guide to Turkey
Clothing: You will not need formal clothes, everything you need to have on hand is a sun hat and add a jacket for chilly evenings. Shoes are essential to good road, and for visits to the mosque is absolutely necessary to replace sandals, or something like headgear for women.
Credit cards: Most shops and restaurants in Turkey receive credit cards and travelers checks as Eurocheques. Cash prefer smaller venues.
Language: English and German were gradually replaced French as the second language of the Turks. Except for hotels and other tourist places, do not expect that outside the main resorts Istanbul or to speak another language than Turkish.
Tipping: Sometimes restaurants add a service charge on bills, but a tip is still welcome. For waiters, a percentage of 5-10% is usually offered, and for taxi drivers, 10%.
Time: GMT +2 (GMT +3 from last Sunday in March to Saturday before last Sunday in October).
Water: To be secure, it is advisable to drink bottled mineral water and avoid ice in drinks.
Currency: The national currency of Turkey is Turkish Lira and there denomination of 5 million, 1 million 500 000 250 000 LT. Denomination coins 250 000 100 000 50 000 25 000 10 000
5000, 2500, 1000 and 500. All exchange certificates and purchase receipts must be retained to demonstrate that the method was used to exchange legal.
Climate: The most gentle and sweet season is the spring and fall, although Istanbul may be slightly wetter than the Aegean coast. Summer in both areas is very hot and winters are cold and rainy.